One of the tutor’s roles is to cater for students who are less motivated to learn. Since interaction with the student facilitates or impedes their motivation, the tutor should make all sessions engaging and meaningful, being mindful to link all topics to related subject areas, to create a flow and prove to the student how it is beneficial in modern society.
The tutor should realize that all students do not have the same motivational beliefs and some will be interested in activities they have competence in, while some will be interested in those activities they perceive as valuable.
Making learning meaningful means the tutor should come up with learning strategies that will encourage the student to learn for the right reasons. Students will learn because they want to master a new skill or topic while others learn to boost their ego. The tutor should at all times find out what motivational beliefs the student holds before designing sessions to promote learning that emphasizes mastery of a new skill or topic.
BELIEF ABOUT EFFORT HELD BY YOUNG KIDS
When a student prefers to arrive at one correct outcome or prefers to solve a problem a certain way rather than learn to follow a process of applying solution strategies to arrive at the answer, it only portrays students who do not want to imbibe the spirit of mastery of a topic.
Student collaboration such as students sharing information with fellow students about the process of arriving at a solution to a problem proves useful as it arouses interest, mastery and confidence since students learn from their mistakes and learn other ways of arriving at the solution from their peers.
The teacher should encourage this process as it leads to interaction that the student finds helpful in learning. When kids are growing, they misunderstand the theory of effort. They will either over-estimate or under-estimate their performance. This comes from the fact that they relate effort to results. Young growing kids believes if they want something done and they put in enough effort, they should get the result. This is the belief most kids bring into the learning environment and most times leads to failure even when their expectations are high.
WHY REGULAR FEEDBACK IS IMPORTANT
“I have put in 3 hours into this math homework; this must be adequate or sufficient for the task”.
This is Wendy’s’ belief about effort. Most students like Wendy allocate a threshold and decide that they have put in sufficient effort to reach a certain goal. The role of Wendy’s’ math tutor in providing regular feedback comes into effect in this circumstance.
These feedback from Wendy’s tutor after each math homework help session will help Wendy gauge or predict the effort needed to do her math homework. After each homework help session, the student should be encouraged to reflect on the effort put in to get the desired result. This is the way they will know if it is sufficient or insufficient.
Using this strategy, the student will regulate their own learning.
PROMOTING POSITIVE BELIEFS
Since most students at some point in their learning have experienced failure and frustration, the tutor should introduce motivational strategies to help them build back interest in learning.
Promoting positive motivational beliefs means the tutor should acknowledge accomplishments and active student engagement. When kids are growing, it will be beneficial to parents if they demand a high expectation from their kids to do well in class. They should communicate this expectation to their kids in an encouraging manner. The emphasis should be on letting the child strive to acquire the abilities and skills to do well in learning and mastering new skills and topics than just effort.
The relationship between tutor and student is another factor that should not be overlooked if the student will show greater engagement in learning. As soon as there is a good relationship between tutor and student and it is confirmed, the tutor can gradually teach the student to develop belief in their effort. This will have a positive impact on the student as they will gradually develop intrinsic motivation to learning.
Practice and hard work should be encouraged because they develop student perseverance and help them reach their full potentials. The reward for effort will come when the students believe they have control of their success. Afterwards, they will be prepared to do what it takes to achieve desired results.
Written by Charles Onwugbene of FX-FCTUTOR (@fxfctutor1)
Subscribe to our Newsletter for information on Motivating students to succeed